Why Costa Rica?
Costa Rica covers 5% of world biodiversity
We are the happiest country in the world
We are a peaceful country
Costa Rica, nestled in the heart of Central America, is a vibrant and diverse country known for its breathtaking natural beauty and commitment to environmental conservation. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, this tropical haven is a paradise for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike.
Home to lush rainforests, towering volcanoes, and pristine beaches, Costa Rica boasts a remarkable biodiversity that captivates visitors from around the globe. With over a quarter of its land protected in national parks and reserves, the country is a haven for exotic wildlife, including colorful birds, monkeys, and elusive big cats.
The warm and welcoming culture of Costa Rica, often referred to as "pura vida" (pure life), reflects the nation's commitment to a laid-back and joyful lifestyle. Visitors can explore charming towns, indulge in delicious cuisine, and engage in thrilling outdoor activities such as zip-lining, surfing, and hiking.
Whether you're seeking relaxation on the sun-kissed beaches of the Pacific coast or the adventure of exploring the dense rainforests of the interior, Costa Rica offers a rich tapestry of experiences for every traveler. Discover the magic of this Central American gem, where sustainability meets adventure, and every moment is an opportunity to embrace the pure life.
One of the most important and recognized characteristics of the country was the abolition of its army on Dec. 1, 1948 by former President José Figueres Ferrer. On that date, peace became one of the main principles of Costa Rica, differentiating it from other Central American countries that utilize the military as a method of defense.
Geographical Marvels of Costa Rica
Nestled in the heart of Central America, Costa Rica is a country of geographical wonders, characterized by diverse landscapes and ecosystems. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica spans just over 51,000 square kilometers (about 19,700 square miles), making it one of the smaller nations in the region.
The backbone of Costa Rica is formed by Mountain Ranges, a series of volcanic peaks that run from northwest to southeast. Among these, the Arenal Volcano stands as one of the country's most iconic landmarks. The mountains not only offer breathtaking vistas but also influence the climate and precipitation patterns across the country.
Costa Rica boasts a diverse coastline that stretches approximately 1,290 kilometers (about 800 miles). On the Pacific side, visitors are greeted by pristine beaches, rugged cliffs, and vibrant coastal ecosystems. The Caribbean coast, on the other hand, is known for its lush rainforests and a more laid-back atmosphere.
Lush Rainforests and Biodiversity
A significant portion of Costa Rica is enveloped by tropical rainforests, making it a biodiversity hotspot. These lush expanses are home to an incredible array of flora and fauna, including exotic species like the resplendent quetzal, capuchin monkeys, and jaguars. National parks and reserves, such as Corcovado and Tortuguero, protect and showcase this rich natural heritage.
Rivers and lakes
The country's river systems, fed by abundant rainfall and mountainous terrain, are essential features of the landscape. The Tempisque, Tarcoles and Terraba rivers are some of the most important. Costa Rica is also adorned with a number of lakes, including the picturesque Lake Arenal, which is not only the country's largest lake, but also a key source of hydroelectric power.
Costa Rica is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region known for its seismic and volcanic activity. The country is home to over 200 volcanic formations, with several still considered active. In addition to Arenal, Poás and Irazú are other notable volcanoes that captivate both scientists and tourists.
In essence, Costa Rica's geography is a testament to the country's commitment to environmental conservation and sustainable tourism, offering a tapestry of natural wonders that continues to attract visitors seeking adventure and immersion in the beauty of the natural world.
Costa Rica, with its varied landscapes, enjoys a diverse climate that contributes to its reputation as a year-round destination. The country is characterized by two main seasons: the dry season (known locally as "verano") and the wet season ("invierno").
Dry Season (December to April):
The dry season is a favorite among travelers, typically spanning from December to April. During this period, the weather is generally warm and sunny, making it an ideal time to explore Costa Rica's beaches, national parks, and outdoor attractions. The Pacific side of the country experiences less rainfall, while the Caribbean side may still see occasional showers.
Wet Season (May to November):
From May to November, the wet season brings lush greenery to the landscapes. This period is characterized by increased rainfall, especially in the afternoons. The rain contributes to the vibrant biodiversity and the flourishing of Costa Rica's tropical rainforests. While some regions experience heavier rainfall during these months, the mornings often remain clear and are suitable for outdoor activities.
Microclimates and Regional Variation:
Costa Rica's diverse topography leads to microclimates and regional variations in climate. Coastal areas tend to be warmer, while the Central Valley enjoys a more temperate climate. The mountainous regions can be cooler, especially at higher elevations.
Biodiversity and Ecological Impact:
The country's climate plays a crucial role in fostering its remarkable biodiversity. Costa Rica's commitment to conservation is evident in its efforts to maintain and protect ecosystems influenced by the varying climatic conditions. The juxtaposition of sun-drenched beaches and mist-covered cloud forests showcases the richness of the climate tapestry.
In summary, Costa Rica's climate is a key contributor to the nation's allure, offering visitors the chance to experience a spectrum of ecosystems and outdoor adventures throughout the year. Whether basking in the sunshine on the Pacific coast or embracing the tropical rains in the rainforests, Costa Rica invites travelers to explore its natural wonders in every season.
Costa Rica´s territory is so small that it encompasses only 0.03 percent of the planet´s surface but is still within the top 20 richest countries in biodiversity on Earth in terms of species density. That means that it is possible to find more species in 1,000 km2 in Costa Rica as in the same area in huge countries like Brazil or Colombia.
In fact, with only 51,100 km2 of total territory, Costa Rica has nearly half a million species, representing 4 percent of the planet´s biodiversity. We hope all the world is ready to discover it.
Environmental factors are responsible for this wealth of diversity. The geographic positioning of the country, situated between two large continental masses and two vast oceans, in addition to the combination of unique geology and climate, is highly conducive to the diverse biological and plant life. Costa Rica has twelve climate zones that differ due to factors such as elevation and precipitation. Accordingly, one can find mangrove forests, cloud forests and rain forests, riparian forests and deciduous forests. In terms of ecosystem diversity, Costa Rica also has coral reefs and wetlands.
Costa Rican food is very traditional, with mild flavors and little seasoning1. It is influenced by aboriginal, Spanish, African and European cultures. Rice and beans are the core of the food and are mixed with meats, plantains, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. Casado and gallo pinto are the most common typical dishes and are accompanied by a cabbage, tomato and carrot salad. The food also includes picadillos, olla de carne, gallos, empanadas, pasta, fresh fruit and coffee. Costa Rican gastronomy is enriched with seafood from its two oceans.
Costa Rica, a small Central American country known for its breathtaking natural beauty, boasts a rich and diverse cultural heritage. The nation takes pride in its commitment to peace and democracy, traits reflected in the warmth and friendliness of its people.
Language: Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica, and the majority of the population speaks it fluently. English is also widely understood in tourist areas.
Traditional Music and Dance: Folk music and dance play a significant role in Costa Rican culture. The "punto guanacasteco" is a popular traditional dance often accompanied by guitar and marimba music. These cultural expressions are often showcased during festivals and celebrations.
Education: Every village in Costa Rica has a school, since President Figueres decided to abolish the army, he invested all that money in education, which today in our country is free.
Festivals and Celebrations: Costa Ricans are known for their vibrant festivals, where communities come together to celebrate religious, cultural, and historical events. The Carnival in Puntarenas and the Fiestas de Zapote are notable examples of lively celebrations featuring parades, music, and traditional dances.
Religion: The predominant religion in Costa Rica is Roman Catholicism. Religious traditions and celebrations are an integral part of the country's cultural fabric.
En general, la cultura costarricense refleja una armoniosa mezcla de tradición y modernidad, con un fuerte énfasis en la comunidad, la naturaleza y la búsqueda de un modo de vida pacífico.
Costa Rica, a Central American nation, boasts a diverse economy with a strong emphasis on services, particularly tourism and high-tech industries. The service sector, including tourism, contributes significantly to the GDP. The country has become a hub for high-tech industries and innovation, attracting multinational companies.
Agriculture remains important, with exports of products like bananas, pineapples, and coffee. The nation's political stability and commitment to sustainability have fostered economic growth. Costa Rica's currency is the Costa Rican Colón (CRC), and the government has prioritized education, contributing to a skilled workforce.
Despite challenges, Costa Rica's economy continues to show resilience and a commitment to balancing growth with environmental responsibility.
Travel safe Tips:
To ensure your safety during your stay, it is important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings.
Don't leave your belongings unattended in public places, buses or taxis, as theft can occur.
Keep your valuables secure in your hotel safe, and exercise caution before accepting help from strangers.
If you encounter any issues with your vehicle, contact the police or your Rent-a-Car for assistance.
Remember, taking these simple steps can help prevent any unnecessary problems and ensure a more enjoyable trip.
ln case of an emergency call 911.
Frequently asked questions:
Can you enter the country with a one-way air ticket?
It is necessary to have a round-trip air ticket to enter the country.
Is it necessary to have a passport to enter Costa Rica?
A valid passport is needed with at least three months of validity.
Do I need an international driver's license?
You can drive with the license of your home country for a period of three months.
Can you drink tap water?
Water is drinkable in most places, but we suggest you ask beforehand. We also recommend buying bottled water.
Is any vaccine required to enter the country?
What is the currency of Costa Rica?
The official currency is the Colón. US dollars and debit or credit cards are also accepted.
What is the cost of the departure tax?
It is $29 dollars. You can pay in colones, dollars or credit/debit card.